WTTC Research Reveals Travel & Tourism Sector’s Contribution To South Korea’s GDP Dropped By $33.3 Billion In 2020
COVID-19 sparks a dramatic 45.5% collapse in the sector’s contribution to GDP
84,000 jobs lost, while many more remain protected by the job retention scheme
However, the return of international travel this year could see GDP contribution rise sharply and jobs return
WTTC recognises the government for its effectiveness in managing the crisis through the implementation of processes, policies, and protocols
The annual EIR from the World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC), which represents the global Travel & Tourism private sector, shows the sector’s contribution to GDP dropped a staggering 45.5%.
Travel & Tourism’s impact on the nation’s GDP fell from USD$73.2 billion (4.4%) in 2019, to USD$39.9 billion (2.4%), just 12 months later, in 2020.
The year of damaging travel restrictions which brought much of international travel to a grinding halt, resulted in the loss of 84,000 Travel & Tourism jobs across the country.
However, this number, while devastating to those affected, is much lower than many other countries globally and within the region.
WTTC believes the true picture could have been significantly worse, if not for the government’s job retention scheme, the Universal Employment Insurance Roadmap, and the emergency relief stimulus payments, all of which offered a lifeline to thousands of businesses and workers.
These job losses were felt across the entire Travel & Tourism ecosystem in the country, with SMEs, which make up eight out of 10 of all global businesses in the sector, particularly affected.
Furthermore, as one of the world’s most diverse sectors, the impact on women, youth and minorities was significant.
The number of those employed in the South Korean Travel & Tourism sector fell from nearly 1.4 million in 2019, to 1.3 million in 2020, a drop of 6.2%.
However, again due to the government’s job retention scheme, this figure was significantly lower than the global average fall of 18.5%.
The report also revealed domestic visitor spending declined by 34%, and while international spending fared even worse due to more stringent travel restrictions, falling by 68%, only slightly better than the global average decline of almost 70%.
Virginia Messina, Senior Vice President WTTC said: “The loss of 84,000 Travel & Tourism jobs in South Korea has had a terrible socio-economic impact, leaving huge numbers of people fearing for their future.
“However, we must applaud President Moon Jae-in for his incredible efforts. WTTC and its members would also like to thank Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Hwang Hee for his commitment to the private sector in its efforts to save Travel & Tourism.
“The government’s response to COVID-19 has been extremely good, managing the crisis through the implementation of robust processes, strong policies, and protocols.
”Building on its experience handling Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), South Korea was able to flatten the epidemic curve very quickly, without closing businesses, issuing stay at home orders, or implementing many of the stricter measures adopted by other countries until late 2020.
“Furthermore, it developed clear guidelines for the public, conducting comprehensive testing and contact tracing, and supported people in quarantine to make compliance easier. The easing of quarantine rules for vaccinated travellers is certainly a step in the right direction.
“WTTC believes that if restrictions on travel are relaxed before the busy holiday season, alongside a clear roadmap for increased mobility and a comprehensive testing on departure scheme in place, the 84,000 jobs lost in South Korea could return later this year."
WTTC research shows that if mobility and international travel resume by June, the sector’s contribution to global GDP could rise sharply in 2021, by 48.5%, year-on-year.
The global tourism body believes the key to unlocking safe international travel can be achieved through a clear and science-based framework to include rapid testing before departure, as well as enhanced health and hygiene protocols, including mandatory mask wearing, alongside the vaccine rollout.
These measures will be the foundation to build the recovery of the many millions of jobs lost due to the pandemic.
It would also reduce the terrible social implications these losses have had on communities reliant on Travel & Tourism and upon ordinary people who have been isolated by COVID-19 restrictions.
WTTC is the body which represents the Travel & Tourism private sector globally. Members consist of CEOs of the world's Travel & Tourism companies, destinations, and industry organisations engaging with Travel & Tourism.
WTTC has a history of 25 years of research to quantify the economic impact of the sector in 185 countries. Travel & Tourism is a key driver for investment and economic growth globally. The sector contributes US$8.8 trillion or 10.4% of global GDP, and accounts for 319 million jobs or one in ten of all jobs on the planet.
For over 25 years, WTTC has been the voice of this industry globally. Members are the Chairs, Presidents and Chief Executives of the world's leading, private sector Travel & Tourism businesses, who bring specialist knowledge to guide government policy and decision-making and raise awareness of the importance of the sector.